Both U.S. and Confederate flags have roots in Scotland

As the political left ( and the right in some circles) grow more politically-correct each day, the Confederate flag, Southern monuments and (in the case of Memphis , TN), parks that honor Confederate history have become the “target of choice” to help erase American history. As the Southern Party of Georgia so rightly observes the Confederate Battle Flag was inspired by the “Cross of St. Andrew” noting:

“Saint Andrew was the first apostle of Jesus Christ. Brother of Simon Peter, and follower of John the Baptist. He went through life leading people to Jesus, both before and after the Crucifixion. Saint Andrew was a missionary in Asia Minor and Greece, and possibly areas in modern Russia and Poland. Martyred on a saltier (x-shaped) cross, he is said to have preached for two days from it.

There are several explanations for why Andrew became the patron of Scotland.

In 345, Emperor Constantine the Great decided to translate Andrew’s bones from Patras to Constantinople. Saint Regulus was instructed by an angel to take many of these relics to the far northwest. He was eventually told to stop on the Fife coast of Scotland, where he founded the settlement of Saint Andrew.

In the 7th Century, Saint Wilfrid brought some of the saint’s relics with him after a pilgrimage to Rome. The Scots king, Angus MacFergus, installed them at Saint Andrew’s to enhance the prestige of the new diocese.

When the Pictish King Angus faced a large invading army, he prayed for guidance. A white cloud in the form of a saltier cross floated across the blue sky above him. Angus won a decisive victory, and decreed that Andrew would be the patron saint of his country.

Following Robert Bruce’s victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, (the final scene in the movie Brave Heart),  the Declaration of Arbroath officially named Saint Andrew the patron saint of Scotland. The Saltier became the national flag of Scotland in 1385.”

Some might wonder and think: “So what? What does this have to do with American history?

There are a couple of answers to this question.  Reason.Com notes that America was settled by the Scots-Irish:

“Long dismissed as rednecks, crackers, and hillbillies, the Scots-Irish–also known as Scotch-Irish, Ulster Scots, or Borderers, because they hailed from Northern Ireland and the border counties of Scotland and England–have provided a disproportionate share of America’s political leaders, military brass, writers, and musicians. As an ethnic group, James Webb argues in Born Fighting, they “did not merely come to America, they became America”

Wikipedia notes that:

British colonization of the Americas (including colonization by both the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland before the Acts of Union which created the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707) began in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia and reached its peak when colonies had been established throughout the Americas. The English, and later the British, were among the most important colonizers of the Americas, and their American empire came to rival the Spanish American colonies in military and economic might.

This English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish colonization caused dramatic upheaval among the indigenous civilizations in the Americas, both directly through the use of imported military force and indirectly through cultural disruption and introduced diseases. Relations between the colonists and natives varied from constructive trade to armed conflict. Many of the indigenous societies had developed a warrior class and had a long history of warfare. The rapidity, silence, and ferocity of their war parties proved devastating against the colonial style of waging war, but the colonials generally emerged successful in the long term. Like the French, trade with the natives was an important part of English and British colonial policy, but they also heavily promoted settlement and development.”

Always fiercely independent, the Scots-Irish grew tired of British rule. History.Com reports that:

“The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown. Skirmishes between British troops and colonial militiamen in Lexington and Concord in April 1775 kicked off the armed conflict, and by the following summer, the rebels were waging a full-scale war for their independence. France entered the American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778, turning what had essentially been a civil war into an international conflict. After French assistance helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1779, the Americans had effectively won their independence, though fighting would not formally end until 1783.”

You might be thinking, “Thanks for the history lesson. So where are you going with this?”

As stated before the Scots-Irish settled the majority of America’s Southern region. They were a very independent people, who loved freedom and hated authoritarianism. They were instrumental in the American Revolution and just as instrumental in forming the Confederate States of America (for the same reasons they fought the British).

So this is where I “pull it all together”. I attended a meeting at a VFW hall in a small Southeast Missouri town recently, and they had an impressive history of the American flag. The display used a row of framed pictures to show how the flag evolved.

Critics of the Confederate Battle Flag portray it as a flag of subjugation and tyranny. But how could this be when the origin of the Confederate Battle Flag is also the origin of the first flag of our nation?


Note the similarity between the Confederate Battle Flag and the St. Andrew’s Cross, the flag of Scotland.







Note the implementation of the Cross of St. Andrew

Note the implementation of the Cross of St. Andrew







Note the implementation of the flag of the British Empire into the American Flag of 1775.

Note the implementation of the flag of the British Empire into the American Flag of 1775.







The American Flag of 1777.

The American Flag of 1777.

About aldermanlacy

I am just an average blue collar American who works hard and tries to be a good dad. I have a passion for history, music and freedom.

One Response to “Both U.S. and Confederate flags have roots in Scotland”

  1. Wonderful information! I will only add, going back further: the Scots were just a part of the descendants of the “lost ten tribes” of Israel, deported from the middle east long before any “Jews” appeared on the scene.

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